Search this Site
Custom Search
Drop Down Menu Drop Down Menu
Drop Down Menu

 
 

 ARTICLES MENU

Caravans
Starting Out
Hire / Rent Before Buying
Touring Caravans
Pop-Top Caravans / Campers
Full Height Caravans
Off-Road / ATV Caravans
Single Axle vs Tandem Axle
RV Types
What is an RV ?

Motorhomes - General Info
Motorhomes - Water Heaters etc
Campervans - General Info
Slide On Campers - General Info
5th Wheeler - General Info
5th Wheeler - Hitches
5th Wheeler - Stability
Camper Trailer - Intro
Camper Trailer - Types
Camper Trailer - Refrigeration
Tow Vehicle
Best Tow Vehicle

Bull Bars
Cargo Barriers
Dual Battery System
Roller Drawer Storage Systems
Side Steps/Bars/Wheel Carriers
Snorkels/Water Bras/Diff Breathers
Storage Systems for your Gear
Suspension Upgrade
Towing
Towing Tips - Towing Courses

Compliance Plates
"Do Not Overtake Turning Vehicle"
Hitches and Couplings
Electric Brakes and Controllers
Hitches/Weight Distribution Bars
Hitches and Hitch Receivers
Reversing Made Easy
Sway Control Devices
Tow Bars and Tow Balls
Towing Mirrors
Maintenance
Tyre & Wheel Bearing Maintenance

Replacing Padded Stoneguards
Toilets - Treatment / Maintenance
Understanding Tyre Markings
Camping
Outdoor Camp Cooking

Preparing a Campfire for Cooking
Camp Ovens
Camp Oven Recipes
How to Rid Your RV of Ants
Roof Top Tents
Roof Top Tents for Utes/Wagons
Communication
Terms and Lingo

CB & UHF Communication
Handheld Portable UHF / CB
HF Radio
Public Phones & Phone Cards
Wireless Internet
Mobile Phone Coverage
Satellite Phones
Distress Beacons and EPIRBS
RV Extras
Heating - General
Heating - Electric
Diesel and Gas Heaters
Hoses - Drinking & Sullage
Water Tanks and 12V Pumps
Hot Water Heaters
Changing the Sacrificial Anode
Portable Toilet Systems
Portable Toilet Cleaning
Portable Toilet Chemicals
Portable Toilets
Sanitation Products / Chemicals
Refrigeration - General Info
Camper Trailer - Refrigeration
Power Options
Powering RV's and Power Usage

Power Sources for RV's
Charging Batteries
Solar Power
Portable Solar
Inverters
Accessories
Annexe Flooring / Matting

Awning Maintenance
"Do Not Overtake Turning Vehicle"
Electrical Extension Cords
Generators
Jockey Wheels and Power Movers
Caravan and Trailer Jacks
Folding/Electric/Motorised Bikes
Bicycle Racks & Carriers

Bicycle Accessories
Navigational Software
Devices (GPS, PDA's etc.)
Maps (Toppo's, Legends etc.)
Doing the Washing On The Road

Portable Electric Washing Machines
Camping Clotheslines
Hobbies
Recreational Fishing / Licences
On The Road
Ambulance Cover

Reversing made Easy
Caravan / RV Fire Safety

Carrying Extra Fuel
Cooking Outdoors (Gas/BBQ's)
Free Camping
House Sitting and House Sitters
Heavy Vehicle / RV Courtesy
Holidaying with Kids
Mail Redirection
Travelling with Dogs
Best Tow Vehicle
Vehicle Suspension Upgrade
Insects - Personal Protection
Insects - In and Around the RV
Destinations
RV / Caravan Parks

Farm Stays / Bush Resorts
Rest Stops / Rest Areas
Free Camping
Security
Preventing Theft of RV's

Security Devices
Security Alarms
What Insurance to Look For
Vehicle, Caravan/Trailer/RV Ins/
Caravan Rollover

Site Map

Hitches and Hitch Receivers

What parts are there to a hitch and hitch receiver?

Hayman Reece Hitch 
 
  Hitch Receiver

 

 

Firstly, after determining your tow vehicle is legally able to tow the weight of your RV make sure the tow bar itself is rated to carry the loaded weight of the caravan, travel trailer or camper trailer you are intending to tow.  The ADR (Australian Design Rule) compliant tow bar will have a tow bar rating plate. The tow bar will have a compliance plate and this will state its identification, ball weight and trailer weight capacity. For tow ball rating see our article "Tow Balls and Tow Bars"

Heavy Duty Tow BarFor heavy duty towing, where the tow ball weight exceeds 125kg, you will require a tow bar that has a 50mm x 50mm hitch box for a hitch receiver.  These 50mm hitch box tow bars are especially designed for a removable ball mount that slides into the square hole.  These adjustable types of hitch receivers will allow for the use of heavy duty weight distribution hitch.

 

 


 
 
Weight Distribution Shank Weight Distribution Shank

The weight distribution ball mount shank slides into the hitch receiver.  There is a hole in the length section of the shank through which a hitch pin slides to secure it to the tow bar or hitch receiver.  As hitches can be expensive to replace rather than simply securing it with a D clip (or spring clip) it is best to buy a hitch pin lock. 

Lockable hitch pin
Weight Distribution Adjustable Head Shaft There are vertical holes on the adjustable head section to enable movement of the ball mount head, up or down the shaft to get the required height.  If the tow ball height is not correct then this will result in the front of the tow vehicle having a ‘nose up’ or ‘nose down’ look.

 

Weight Distribution Components

Hitch Head and Ball Mount

The tow ball is bolted to the top of the hitch head and the bottom of the hitch head has a hole or space on each side into which the weight distribution bars sit.

Weight Distribution Bars

Weight Distribution BarsThere are single bar weight distribution systems and two bar weight distribution systems available.  The load capacity of the bars can vary so ensure you get the correct ones to take the load of your caravan or trailer eg: 550 lbs (250 kg), 750 lbs (340 kg) and 1000 lbs (450 kg) capacity ball load weights.  See Hitches & Weight Distribution

For example, Hayman Reese Weight Distribution Systems, caters for several weight requirements with their Classic and Standard style set ups.  The Hayman Reese ‘Classic’ comprises the traditional welded head, trunnion style weight distribution bars with integrated cams and lightweight durable cast steel shanks.  The ‘Standard’ Hayman Reese kit has round, hook style high performance spring bars with integrated cams and the same shank as the ‘Classic’ kit and also a light weight cast steel head.  These round spring bars are said to allow for more clearance for trailers with a 6” chassis.

The Hayman Reese weight distribution systems cater for all types of ball weight.  The ‘Mini’ system is for ball weights up to 80 kg, the ‘Intermediate’ four bar kit for ball weights between 80 kg – 135 kg, the 600lb/275 kg kit is for ball weights between 135kg – 275 kg and the 800lb kit for ball weights between 275 kg – 365 kg. 

For the extreme there is a 1200lb kit for the ball weight range between 365kg and 545kg and their website states for towing loads in excess of 3,500kg, a 70mm towball is required.

For the extreme there is a 1200lb kit for the ball weight range between 365kg and 545kg and their website states for towing loads in excess of 3,500kg, a 70mm towball is required.

Weight Distribution Snap-Up Brackets

Weight Distribution Bar PinsThe weight distribution snap up brackets attach to the draw bar or ‘A’ frame on each side of your caravan or trailer. The chain attached to the end of the weight distribution bar links onto the bracket and the chain is locked into place with a pin. 

It is best to elevate or jack up the nose of the caravan or trailer using the jockey wheel after the RV is coupled to the tow ball prior to attempting to connect the weight distribution bars and leverage the chains to lock them into place on the snap up bracket using the snap up handle.  This takes some strain off the lifting process particularly for heavy RV’s.  Once the hitching process is complete it lifts and transfers the ball weight.  The tow vehicle and the trailer should look level and there should be no ‘nose up’ or ‘nose down’ look about the tow vehicle.

Detailed weight distribution installation instructions are available on the internet so you can do a Google search here to locate. 

 
GoogleCustom Search

Weight Distribution Bar BracketsCaution: Always keep your feet and legs clear of the weight distribution spring bar and snap up handle.  Sometimes when disconnecting the weight distribution bars if you haven’t jacked the RV up enough to take off sufficient weight/strain on the springs bars there will be a ‘spring back’ effect and the snap up handle can quickly jerk in a downward direction. If the snap up handle connects with your knee or any part of your body it can cause considerable injury and pain.

 

Pintle Hook Mounts and Pintle Hooks

Pintle HookThe pintle hook is mainly used for very heavy duty towing but for those of you towing heavy duty caravans and travel trailers there is the option to attach a rated pintle to a pintle hook mount and a lunette eye ring on the draw bar or ‘A’ frame of the caravan or trailer.  A pintle hitch adaptor is available for those of you who already have weight distribution shanks or adjustable ball mounts.

Pintle Hook HitchThere are reports the pintle hitch is noisier than a ball hitch due to the ‘play’ between the eye and the hook so each time you accelerate or brake you will get a clunking sound.  Vehicle Components VC Conical Ball Coupling can overcome this by locking a conventional ring into place so there is no play in between the towing vehicle and the trailer. 

A combination pintle/ball hitch is also available.

Front Mounted Hitch Receivers

Front Mounted Hitch ReceiverThese front mounted hitch receivers can be used to reverse your caravan or travel trailer into those tight or difficult places.  The tow ball and hitch is on the front of the tow vehicle and this enables you to have a clear view of the placement of your RV.

Accessories can be purchased such as a hitch receiver winch mounting plate or a hitch step which can enable you to reach deep into the engine bay of the vehicle.  In areas where it snows a snow plough can be attached to the front hitch receiver.

 

 

site hit counter
 
 

Disclaimer   |   Privacy Policy   |   Contact Us   |   Site Map/Index   |   Links




This site was last updated





Copyright ©  Let's Getaway.com. All rights reserved.